Impact Of Covid 19 On Various Aspects Of Life In Kenya.
Since the first case of Covid 19 was reported in China(Wahun)the pandemic has posed to be a threat to human life generally. This is because within a very short time more cases were reported across the world where Kenya was one of them. More life was lost and lives changed due it’s the social economic impact on livelihood. The following sectors have since been hard hit:Health, education, entertainment and political aspect.
Impact Of Corona Virus In Kenya About The Above Named Areas.
This was the sector that had to respond very fast in terms of setting measures to contain the pandemic. The Ministry of Health, therefore, began a nationwide campaign geared towards promoting basic hygiene which included washing hands, using hand sanitisers and ensuring social distancing at all times at the onset of the pandemic. However, the virus continued to spread, measures became stricter and public gatherings including religious services were suspended, wearing of masks was introduced, learning institutions were closed and employees (except essential caregivers) were encouraged to work from home. Similarly, travel constraints were imposed on both citizens and non-citizens, limiting movements to and from the country.
For many years Kenya’s national education system is known to have been structured on a model with 8 years of compulsory education including preschool and primary education, followed by secondary education or vocational/technical school. While students from ” well off families” attend private boarding schools, most urban students in Kenya commute daily to day schools. They use public transportation, making them highly susceptible to the virus not only in school but also while commuting. This also poses the risk of spreading the virus to local communities.
Nearly 70% of the school children in Kenya live in rural areas where there is a shortage of well-funded schools, trained teachers, and books and supplies. Students often have to walk several kilometres to reach the schools, which are often small with large class sizes.
To curtail the spread of the virus, the Government of Kenya was forced to close all schools and universities on March 16, 2020, until further notice. The schools were expected to implement online instruction using technology and the Internet. Educators were advised to prepare work for the students to do at home. However, this was impractical due to the lack of broadband Internet and the cost of Wi-Fi in some remote areas which limited the amount of e-learning available to students. The digital divide limits the access of e-learning to children in remote areas of those living in poverty. The cost to access the Internet for families is often more than a day’s wage. Many low-income people, especially those living in the rural areas, have limited access not only to the Internet but also to hardware such as mobile devices, laptops, or computers. Parents also may not have had training in the use of the devices or the Internet for instruction. Although the literacy rate in Kenya is at 78.7%, parents do not have sufficient education to assist their children at home
Although many families in Kenya have mobile phones, most do not have smartphones with Internet access. Whereas in most of the countries reporting, there was more use of the Internet by the younger persons aged 18–29 years, in Kenya, there was little use of smartphones by the younger persons.
In addition, electricity and the Internet are often sporadic, limiting the consistent use of the resources for learning. Travel to an Internet café for the Internet or to charge mobile phones during the COVID-19 crisis was limited due to the closing of many nonessential businesses and restrictions on travel.
Because of such social differences, most students were unable to learn at home and that has since affected their performance. The gap between a student and a teacher became so paramount to date.
Kenya has established itself as a hub for global entertainment over the last few decades. Entertainers travelled from various countries such as USA, UK, South Africa, even as far as Jamaica to perform in the country. However, 2020 started with a major drone and entertainment promoters had put big plans in place for the year. There were plans as usual for international artists to come to Kenya and a lot of investment in brand new venues springing up across the nation.
In a matter of days, all that hope was shattered, and all those plans came to an abrupt standstill. Cinemas, performance halls, restaurants, malls, all had to reconsider their business. Newly opened venues lost their investment. International artists who had been paid kept the deposits they had already been paid. Booked venues for festivals and concerts also hung onto their deposits as promoters were left counting their losses. Performing artists all lost income as venues partially or fully closed down.
Innovation and thinking outside the box became the name of the game. Bars and restaurants swung into the food delivery service to keep themselves afloat. Performers took their craft to digital platforms such as Facebook and YouTube. DJs embarked on digital lockdown parties, setting up cameras in their homes to entertain their followers.
DJs and other performers were able to generate some revenue via donations or through the exploration of platforms that enabled them to charge listeners. In some instances, corporate brands took notice and sponsored these online events. Dealing With Anxiety Amid Omicron Surge.
Despite the challenges, for some – like one of Kenya’s top DJs, Mixmaster Lenny – the pandemic has also been an opportunity to get close to fans
The pandemic became a game-changer, entertainers had to shift the way they engaged with their fans.
As Kenyans became habituated to being at home, they engaged more with online content and brands and shifted some of their spendings to online content creation and creators. There was an explosion in online comedy skits, dance, cooking shows, social commentary and the like. Content creators like comedian Elsa Majimbo, who has gone international, TikTok sensation Nasenya and comedian Flaqo have thrived within this new environment.
It is the promoters who have suffered the most. Before even reconciling with the loss of current income, they had to write off prior costs. Promoters lost money from concerts they had already booked and artists’ deposits already paid before the pandemic hit. Hotels, work permits and flights for overseas artists had also already been paid. These gigs never happened. The online concert space did not come close to making up for the loss of income.
Luckily, on Heroes Day, 20 October 2021, the president of Kenya cancelled all curfew restrictions and opened the country. The entertainment industry hasn’t wasted time in getting things going. Within days of the announcement, South African musician Nkule Dube and Jamaican singer Etana performed at concerts in Nairobi.
It has been a crazy two years for the Kenyan entertainment industry and it is such a relief that the economy has opened up. We can only hope COVID-19 infections will stay as low as they are, and more people will get vaccinated to avoid such a catastrophe again. Impact of Covid 19 on people’s livelihood, their health and our food systems
The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted politics, both internationally and domestic, by affecting the governing, isolation or deaths of multiple politicians, reschedulings of elections due to fears of spreading the virus, political systems of multiple countries and causing suspensions of legislative activities. The pandemic has accelerated broader debates about political issues such as the relative advantages of democracy and autocracy on:
How states respond to crises
The politicization of beliefs about the virus.
The adequacy of existing frameworks of international cooperation.
Additionally, the pandemic has, in some cases, posed several challenges to democracy, leading to it being undermined and damaged.